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Julius Kondratyev
Julius Kondratyev

Siberian Altai Turkic Traditional Music


This holds true for the practices of the noaidi among Sami groups. Although the Sami people live outside of Siberia, many of their shamanistic beliefs and practice shared important features with those of some Siberian cultures.[9] The joiks of the Sami were sung on shamanistic rites.[10] Recently, joiks are sung in two different styles: one of these is sung only by young people; the traditional one may be the other, the "mumbling" style, which resembles magic spells.[11] Several surprising characteristics of joiks can be explained by comparing the music ideals, as observed in joiks and contrasted to music ideals of other cultures. Some joiks intend to mimic natural sounds. This can be contrasted to bel canto, which intends to exploit human speech organs on the highest level to achieve an almost "superhuman" sound.[12]




Siberian Altai Turkic Traditional Music



As we saw in the previous section, the formal acoustical features of the three rock art sites in the Lower Chuya River area indicate that they are characterized by specific acoustical conditions, especially as regards sound strength and music and speech clarity. In this section, we explore whether one reason for the selection of places in which to place rock art may be the favorable acoustic conditions for the particular activities undertaken at those sites. We are referring to diverse types of gatherings in which rituals, sound-making, and storytelling may have taken place. In order to assess this possibility, we present a review of what ethnographic sources explain about the traditional and ritual practices conducted up to the present day, or until relatively recently, in this region. As we explain, these sources mention that sounds in the landscapes and music-making are inserted in a particular ontology in which human and non-human entities, such as spirit masters, animals, and natural features, relate sonically with each other.


The repertoire of this ensemble comprises traditional folk songs from Khakassia and the Altai as well as the musicians' own songs.The ensemble recorded their first album "Kadyn Bazhy" (Belukha - means white mountain) in February 2001 in Abakan (means the Bear's Blood), Khakassia.Since February 2001 the three musicians have been working with the Khakassian Puppet Theatre "Skazka" and performed within the "Altyn Ayakh" projects. They won together a prize at the theatre Festival "Kontakt-2001" in Torun, Poland and at the 4th International Festival of Puppet Art "Spectaculo Interesse" in the Czech Republic.The Turkic peoples in Khakassia and in the Altai region were hunters and nomadic shepherds tending sheep, horses and sometimes camels. They bequeathed an extremely interesting culture to their descendants, the basic features which have been handed down from ancient times until the present day. One of the most important forms of Khakass and Altai art is the narration of epics in a falsetto voice to the accompaniment of the two-string lute khomys (topshur). In Khakassia they were also accompanied by chatkhan (jadagan) or rare yykh (ikili). Texts are usually enunciated in a low guttural bass register used by throat singers (khaigee).


Tuva is famous for its traditional throat singing, which is a form of music unique to the region. Tuvan throat singing, or khöömei, is a type of overtone singing where the singer produces two or more pitches simultaneously. Tuva is known for having some of the best singers in the world.


The following audio recordings from the holdings of the Phonogram Archive of the Pushkinskii dom of the Russian Academy of Sciences in St. Petersburg include unique and rare materials gathered during various expeditions from as early as 1916. All of the original recordings have been re-mastered for this edition, which will be of great interest to ethnographers, anthropologists, musicologists, linguists and Slavicists alike. The first set is important because of the many languages and cultures represented for which audio materials are otherwise mostly unavailable. The second is equally important, primarily because of the historical nature of the recordings. The third set presents rare languages and cultures of indigenous peoples of Siberia and the Far East of Russia. The historical and ethnographical value of these recordings is of immense importance, because audio materials are otherwise mostly unavailable or these Paleo-Asiatic, Manchu-Tungus and Uralic peoples and such languages are rapidly disappearing around the globe. The set also includes Russian, Belarusian and Ukrainian traditional folklore songs. Ballads, incantations, lamentations, lullabies and other traditional songs are performed by the residents of Gomel Region, Belarus.


-content/uploads/2013/12/s2-14.mp3 Instrumental music was traditionally of much less importance than vocal music because of the orthodox prohibition against using musical instruments in church. Instruments were mainly used by shepherds or as accompaniment for some dances and songs.


Altai mountains people also live in the western part of Mongolia. Those who wish to travel to Altai mountains can choose Mongolia as a great ecotourism and backpacking destination. Continental climate is typical for Altai mountains Mongolia. In other words, due to the continental air masses, winters are very cold, stable, and dry in western Mongolia. Summers are extremely hot and dry in Altai mountains Mongolia, creating natural zones such as steppes, deserts, and forest-steppes. In this part of Altai, you can get much less snow than you see in Siberia. The reason is that the Mongolian part of the mountains is closer to the tropic. You can see ice and snow only close to the highest points of the mountains. The Mongolian part of the mountains is perfect for climbing, hiking, and other winter sports activities. While hiking, you will see many endemic Mongolian plants that have significant medical value. The local Altai people of Mongolia have benefited from endemic flora to cure diseases and improve health for thousands of years. You will also stumble upon wild Altai animals, such as argali and Altai snowcock, that are typical for Mongolian mountains and steppes.Altai mountains Mongolia is home to magnificent tourist attractions. Horse riding is one of the fascinating tourist activities. There are particular kinds of horses in the Altai region of Central Asia that are traditionally bred for thousands of years. Local farmers mainly make money by breeding horses for tourism purposes. Foreigners are highly interested in local horses of Mongolia's Altai province. Indigenous Turkic people have preserved and produced horses of the particular sort since ancient times. The fight horses of Mongolia are unique to the Altai region that has attracted global attention. Therefore, many foreigners travel to Altai mountains to see the Turkic fight horses of the ancient sort. Another fascinating tourist attraction is hunting. Altai gazelles and deer are perfect for hunting that is only possible after getting permission from local authorities. Local tourism agencies organize hunting trips that you can join by paying a very affordable fee.The Altai region of Mongolia is home to Mongolians, Turkic Altai people, and Russians. Therefore, the Mongolian part of the Altai mountains features very diverse cultures. Local tourism agencies organize themed culture trips that you can join alongside other foreigners. Ethnic Russians have preserved their language and traditions, although they have lived in Mongolia for hundreds of years. On special days and occasions, Russians gather together, perform their folk music, play traditional games, and cook super delicious meals that belong to Slavic culture. Tourists can watch and join cultural as well as religious events that have significant educational and spiritual value.Moreover, Turkic Altai people organize monthly events to exhibit their cultural values. Ancient Turkic music, food, language, rituals, and games will amaze you from the early moments. Indigenous Mongolians are also very tourist-friendly who invite foreigners to their homes, wedding ceremonies, and religious rituals. Overall, the trip to the Altai region of Mongolia will teach you a lot about the cultural traits of the local Altai people of various ethnic backgrounds.


Political events of the second half of the XIX and the beginning of the XXI centuries changed the fate of the Russian Empire / the Soviet Union: all sides of traditional culture were unified and globalized, and therefore the culture of some indigenous peoples and some ethnic and local groups were pushed towards the verge of extinction. However, at the same time, at the turn of the century there appeared an interest in traditional musical culture, and, moreover, some attempts were made to recreate / reconstruct such forgotten musical instruments and revive the extinct traditions of instrumental performance. In these cases, the museum and archival collections, in which the preserved original exemplars of musical instruments that have emerged from everyday life and information about the features of their usage are stored, have become more and more important. The main obstacle was the low level of knowledge of the collections themselves: numerous structural reorganizations of the country's leading museums, confiscation, and a number of transfers from one collection to another led to the depersonalization of museum items and often to their loss. Under such circumstances, the most important tasks were to study the origin of certain collection acquisitions, the attribution of Museum records, and the introduction to the scientific use of research results.


24 By the name of the instrument the master sought to emphasize the possibility of its application as stringed or plucked at the same time that reflects the traditional manner of playing music on the hordo-phones in the region of Siberia and the Far East. Not accidentally many plucked and stringed hordophones of Tuvinians and Altaians possessed by the RME are almost identical in the morphology. 041b061a72


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